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Pasture And Rangeland

Find news and information for advice and tips on pasture and rangeland.


Measure hay quality and quantity for most efficient use

Kansas producers have been busy putting up silage and baling hay. Abundant rainfall in much of the state this year has made making hay challenging but also improved volume of hay supplies. Both of these factors, in addition to prices of other commodities, will influence how best to use these forages this year.

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Autumn means it’s time for soil sampling

Before farmers and ranchers plant annual forages for the winter, it’s a good idea to spend part of autumn checking their soil’s fertility. Their situations may call for incorporating lime and fertilizer, so soil sampling should be done to find out.

Pasture and Rangeland

Keeping nutrients in the field and out of the water

The best way to know the fertility level of a field is to soil test. As soil test phosphorus increases, the dissolved phosphorus in runoff increases. This form of phosphorus is readily available as a food for algae and other aquatic weeds in lakes and streams. Optimal soil test phosphorus for field crops is about 25-35 ppm. Take a look at your soil test reports to see how your fields compare.

Pasture and Rangeland

Late summer, early fall dry spell problematic for winter forages

A dry spell that’s turned parts of Arkansas from flood to drought is giving just-planted winter forages a slow start, which may mean livestock growers will have to feed more hay this winter, said Tom Troxel, associate head-Animal Science, for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture.

Pasture and Rangeland

Fall pasture and grazing management

Fall pasture growth often provides additional opportunity for grazing livestock; however, careful management of pastures is essential for the over-wintering of forages and improvement into the next growing season. A dry end to our summer has stunted fall pasture regrowth dramatically, but as rains begin to increase in frequency in most regions, fall grazing is beginning to look a little more promising, but could be detrimental to your forage stand if not managed carefully.

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Hay storage considerations

Hay bales stored outdoors that do not form a good protective thatch layer can mold up and the dry matter losses can penetrate deep within the bale.

Forming a Protective Thatch on Your Hay Bales

A thatch forms from oxidation of the exposed outer layer of grasses to sunlight and moisture on the outside of a bale. This layer can be a protective barrier from the elements, protecting the inner contents of the bale.

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Brush and tree control helps prevent pivot irrigator damage

One of the greatest potential economic losses from center pivot irrigation comes from trees collapsing or rolling the spans. When irrigation equipment is installed near field edges, tree lines are usually trimmed back so they do not interfere with the equipment. Tree limbs as small as two inches in diameter can cause a pivot tower to flip or tear off the pivot end boom if branches catch the span V bracing or end gun. Tree branches can also act like a chain anchored to the ground and cause the pivot span to roll causing the structure to collapse.


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