All producers that harvest hay occasionally will put up hay that “gets wet” from time to time. Therefore, ranchers and hay farmers need to understand the impact of “wet hay” in the tightly wound bales.
The spring growing season is at hand. Therefore, it is time to develop management plans for our warm season pastures. Developing a pasture management plan now ensures the most optimal outcome for this growing season. The following is a list of considerations pertaining to pasture management to assist in developing a management plan.
By Mary Hightower, University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture
Weather and declining prices are putting a dent in the expected total of rice and corn acres planted, said Scott Stiles, extension economist for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture.
By Phil Kaatz, Michigan State University Extension
Alfalfa producers wanting to harvest alfalfa according to forage quality will want to keep a close eye on the growing degree days (GDD) in the next 10-15 days. Using the calendar as the standard for harvesting alfalfa can lead to forages harvested at neutral detergent fiber (NDF) levels unsatisfactory for production goals. The importance of harvesting a hay crop on time can make a big difference in the fiber and energy levels for alfalfa. There is a usually a short window of opportunity to harvest alfalfa at a particular goal since NDF levels can change rapidly with increasing temperatures. Many dairy producers have a goal of 40 percent NDF. Data collected over a period of years suggests that an growers using an upright silo should begin harvesting at 750 GDD for alfalfa with 40 percent NDF + 3 percent most years. The current recommendation for producers using bunk silos is to begin cutting at 680 GDD corresponding to value of about 38 percent NDF. Using GDD is an important tool that should only be used for first cutting.
Significant rains that have occurred in North Dakota and neighboring states in the Northern Plains the last two weeks have improved pasture and range conditions. After a relatively snow free winter and dry early spring, there was concern that beef cattle producers would again be facing drought related management decisions.
By The Cooperative Extension Service, University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture
The cool wet weather hasn’t done bermudagrass any favors, but now that Arkansas’ nights are warming up, it’s time to fertilize, said John Jennings, forage professor for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture.
A team of researchers including a Kansas State University professor has released results of a study that measures the effects of climate change on wheat yields, findings that may have implications for future wheat breeding efforts worldwide.
Agricultural economist Andrew Barkley, who has studied wheat for nearly 30 years, said that the team’s major finding is that heat appears to be more damaging to wheat yields than freezing temperatures.