If you sell or exchange more livestock in a given year than you normally would because of a drought, flood, or other weather-related condition, you may be able to postpone reporting the gain from the additional animal sales until the following year, says C. Robert Holcomb, ag business management educator with
Drought, floods and other weather-related problems are all too common in agriculture, he says. If you must sell livestock due to adverse weather conditions, you may be able to defer taxes on the sales. But always consult with your tax advisor to evaluate your individual situation. All of the following conditions must be met in order to qualify.
- Your principal trade or business is farming.
- You use the cash method of accounting.
- You can show that, under your usual business practices, you would not have sold or exchanged the additional animals this year except for the weather-related condition.
- The weather-related condition caused an area to be designated as eligible for assistance by the Federal government (Declared Federal Disaster Area).
Deferring livestock sales of animals not raised for breeding stock will only defer the sale into the following tax period (tax year). If your farming operation meets the above criteria, recognized gain resulting from sales of breeding livestock may also be postponed.
Sales or exchanges made before an area became eligible for federal assistance qualify if the weather-related condition that caused the sale or exchange also caused the area to be designated as eligible for federal assistance. This designation can be made by the President, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, or by other federal departments or agencies.
Remember that the rules for deferral or postponing income due to disaster declaration are complicated. Always consult with your tax advisor to evaluate your options.
For more information on deferral of livestock income, please see the 2008 Farmer’s Tax Guide.