LITTLE ROCK – Drought-erasing rains and greener pastures are welcome sights to Arkansas’ battered cattle industry, but ranchers shouldn’t think the danger is past, said Tom Troxel, associate head-Animal Science, for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture.
A study by economists with the Division of Agriculture pegged the drought’s preliminary costs to the cattle industry at $128 million between August 2011 and July 2012. The study also found that 3 percent of ranchers said they planned to sell all their cattle.
“Even though much of Arkansas received much needed rains in August and September, armyworms consumed much of the fresh regrowth,” Troxel said. “Many of the ponds and streams are still very low.
“Drought is a slow long process and so is the recovery,” he said. “Is the drought over and is it time to rebuild the cow herd? I don’t think so.”
However, with the number of years it will take to rebuild a herd decimated by drought, it’s not too early to have a plan in place. Troxel said that when the time comes to rebuild, there are several potential approaches to consider:
- Purchasing bred cows or cows with calves at their side. There may be some opportunities to purchase quality cows due to ranch dispersal sales or from other sales of this type. The cattle can be either purebred or crossbred but it is very important to purchase cows that fit your environment. Often times “put together” cattle are purchased. These cattle are often not the quality and as productive as desired. “It’s been my experience that after three years, only 50 percent of ‘put together’ cattle remain on the farm,” he said. “The other 50 percent gets culled due to poor performance, lack of pregnancy, and other factors.”
- Raise heifers. Troxel said there has always been the debate about purchasing or raising heifers. “Whether you purchase or raise replacement heifers one must be concern with genetics, dystocia, or difficulty calving, and cost, and ask whether the heifer fit into your operation.”
- Managing bred cows. When it comes to rebuilding the cow herd economics must be considered. If a bred cow, in last third of pregnancy, is purchased for $1,250, and the operation expects to pay for the bred cow with the net returns of her calves, it will take eight years to pay for the cow – assuming she has a calf every year. If the purchase price is $1,600 it will take 10 years.