Drought and flooding splits the Corn Belt, and despite the ups and downs of Mother Nature, corn conditions remain unchanged for yet another week.
According to the USDA’s latest “Crop Progress” report, 64 percent of corn in the top 18 corn-producing states is rated in good to excellent condition. This is just 1 percentage point above last week’s report but 21 percent higher than last year.
Many of the same states continue to report the lowest-rated corn in the country, including Colorado, Kansas and Missouri.
Kansas and Missouri have seen a July filled with too much – or too little – rain. On July 1, 9 percent of both states were in poor to very poor condition. Now these states are reporting 29 and 20 percent of corn in these conditions respectively. Some areas of both Kansas and Missouri reported up to 300 percent of normal rainfall, while other areas have seen just 5 percent of their normal rainfall for the month. See more from the National Weather Service.
Several states, all located east of the Mississippi River, are reporting high percentages of corn in good and excellent condition, including Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Wisconsin. The one exception is South Dakota, where 74 percent of corn is rated in good or better condition.
Corn maturity is also catching up. Eighty-one percent of corn is silking, putting it just 3 percentage points below the five-year average, and 18 percent of corn entering the dough stage, down 13 percentage points from the five-year average.
Soybeans are in a similar situation, with conditions unchanged from last week but much better than last year. Currently 64 percent of soybeans are in good to excellent condition, compared to 63 percent last week and 29 percent last year. Maturity is also progressing, with 79 percent of soybeans blooming and 39 percent setting pods.