HARRISON, Ark. – Some semblance of normalcy seems to be seeping into parts of the state along with a series of ground-soaking rains, but uncertainty about 2013 lurks below the surface, said extension agents with the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture.
“We’re actually cutting hay,” Mike McClintock, Boone County extension agent for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture, said Thursday. With temps dropping below the century mark and between 2.5-4 inches of rain falling in the last few weeks, “The bermudagrass has exploded in the last couple of weeks.”
For most hay producers, this is only the second cutting of the year. The first was early, due to spring-like temps in the winter and it was about half the tonnage Boone County growers normally make. In a normal year, the second cutting would be late spring, early summer. The next best news is that the cool temperatures have slowed down the fall armyworms that have eaten their way through newly sprouted grass.
The Oct. 2 map showed drought still covering 99.89 percent of the state, but the deepest drought, “exceptional,” remained at just 8.74 percent.
“When you get back to ‘kind of normal’ it’s nice,” said McClintock, whose county is still in the exceptional drought area.
He said rain is still needed. “The subsoil moisture still isn’t where it should be. We need a lot of rain and some snow this winter,” he said. “But it’s comforting to know that the landscape can look green and that the sky can actually rain.”
Even with the return of rain, there’s still a lot of uncertainty over next year. “It’s not a good feeling,” he said.
McClintock has seen the forecast for a weaker El Nino this winter, which would mean less rain for Arkansas. “I hope they’re wrong,” he said. “I’m not sure if beef cattle production in Boone County could survive another year like this. The ranchers have tapped their finances to the point of no return.”
A University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture study found that drought this year cost the cattle industry in Arkansas $128 million in direct losses. (See: http://bit.ly/SomTFP and http://bit.ly/Qfnz0L)
McClintock said that ranchers who used intensive rotation and managed rotation of their forages and followed the recommendations of the 300-Day Grazing program had grass longer during the drought and were grazing three to four weeks earlier when the drought broke in September.