Where are the spots in the Cornbelt that the market is watching to make sure nothing happens that would adversely affect the crop? It has primarily been the eastern one-third of the Cornbelt and the Northwestern corner. So with a new report on the progress of the last week, we’ll look at those spots to see if they are catching up with the averages for the year.
Around the Cornbelt four states are still on the watch list for the progress of their planting and emergence of the crop.
Indiana recorded 5.2 days suitable for field work in the past week. Fields remain somewhat waterlogged, with 71% adequate moisture and 23% surplus. The rains were minimal with over 5 days suitable for fieldwork in the past week.
96% of the intended corn acreage has been planted compared with 100% last year and 98% for the 5-year average. By area, 96% of the crop has been planted in the north, 97% in the central region and 95% in the south. 81% of the corn acreage has emerged compared with 96% last year and 92% for the 5-year average. Corn emergence jumped 24% in the past week. The crop is rated 79% fair to good.
78% of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 87% last year and 86% for the 5-year average. By area, 76% of the crop has been planted in the north, 83% in the central region and 72% in the south. 54% of the soybean acreage has emerged compared with 78% last year and 73% for the 5-year average. Soybean emergence rose 28% in the past week. The crop is rated 83% fair to good.
Ohio rainfall slowed to provide over 5 days suitable for fieldwork., but the soil remains somewhat wet with 75% reported adequate moisture and 16% rated surplus moisture. Statewide, Ohio has recorded an average of 16 inches of rain since April 1, about 7 inches above normal. The southwestern crop reporting district has recorded over 20 inches, some 10 inches over average for this time of year
As of Sunday June 12th, corn was 97% planted. Corn emerged was 57%, compared to 96% last year and 97% for the five-year average. Corn emergence jumped 36% in the past week. 85% of the corn was in fair-to-good condition, up 2% from last week.
77% of soybeans were planted, 8% behind last year and 17% behind the five-year average. 29% of soybeans were emerged, compared to 75% last year and 83% for the five-year average. Soybean emergence rose 20% in the past week. 85% of soybeans were in fair-to-good condition.
South Dakota is also trending toward drier weather where more than 5 days were suitable for fieldwork. Soil moisture remains high with the state averaging 68% adequate and 30% surplus. Most of the state remains below normal in temperature.
98% of the corn is now planted, catching up with the 5-year average of 99%. 82% of the corn has emerged, up from 73% last week. The average height is up to 5 inches and 38% has been either cultivated or sprayed. For 95% of the state, growing degree units are 125 to 250 behind normal, which is one-third to one-half of the typical accumulation. Condition ratings were not reported.
Farmers also made extensive progress on planting soybean acres, ending the week with 83% of the crop planted, just shy of the 5-year average of 90%. 39% of the beans have emerged, up from 20% last week.
North Dakota remained one of the wet spots in the Cornbelt with topsoil moisture supplies rated 58% adequate, and 41%. Statewide, on average, there were 4.9 days suitable for fieldwork.
Corn was 96% planted and reached 74% emerged, an increase of 19 percentage points from last week.
Soybeans were 80% planted and 35% emerged, up from 10% last week, both behind last year and the five-year average.
On the whole, the areas of concern around the Cornbelt, where the last few acres can make a large difference, seem to be catching up with the rest of the area. IN, OH, and the Dakotas all remain wet, with a significant amount of the corn and beans still not yet emerged. But planting is winding down, and the crop is being turned over to Mother Nature.