July 1 Cattle Inventory Down 1 Percent                                                                                               

All cattle and calves in the United States as of July 1, 2009, totaled 101.8 million head, 1 percent below the 103.3 million on July 1, 2008. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 41.4 million, were down 1 percent from July 1, 2008.                                                                 

  • Beef cows, at 32.2 million, were down 1 percent from July 1, 2008.
  • Milk cows, at 9.2 million, were down 2 percent from July 1, 2008.

Other class estimates on July 1, 2009 and the changes from July 1, 2008, are as follows:

  • All heifers 500 pounds and over, 16.1 million, down 1 percent.
  • Beef replacement heifers, 4.5 million, down 2 percent.
  • Milk replacement heifers, 3.9 million, unchanged.
  • Other heifers, 7.7 million, down 1 percent.
  • Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 14.4 million, down 2 percent.
  • Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.1 million, unchanged.
  • Calves under 500 pounds, 27.8 million, down 1 percent.
  • All cattle and calves on feed for slaughter, 11.6 million, down 5 percent.