Wet weather has kept farmers out of the fields, and this week’s Crop Progress report shows little harvest activity over the past week in northern states. The report lists 90 percent of the U.S. corn crop as mature as of Oct. 25, up from 83 percent last week but behind one year ago, when USDA reported 96 percent mature. The five-year average for the date is 99 percent mature. 

Nationally, 20 percent of the corn crop is harvested, compared with 17 percent last week, 37 percent one year ago and 58 percent for the five-year average. In many key production states, the week-to-week increase in harvested acreage is in the single digits. Iowa, for example, advanced to 12 percent harvested from 10 percent last week, while Illinois went from 11 to 14 percent and Nebraska from 13 to 15 percent. Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin all report less than 10 percent of their corn harvested, with little progress over the past week.

Crop condition continues to look good, with 69 percent of the national corn crop rated good or excellent, compared with 70 percent last week and 64 percent one year ago.

For soybeans, the agency rates 65 percent good or excellent. Soybean harvest also is underway across the country, with 44 percent harvested compared with 30 percent last week, 75 percent a year ago and 80 percent for the five-year average.

For pasture and range, the agency rates 49 percent as good or excellent, compared with 50 percent last week and 39 percent at this time last year. As we’ve seen through this growing season, trouble spots for pasture and range conditions are in the west and southwest, with California suffering the worst conditions. Arizona, New Mexico and Texas also report significant percentages of pasture and range in poor condition.

Read the full report.