The makeup of the Supreme Court that decided Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association
The mandatory beef checkoff was ruled constitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court on a 6 – 3 vote.
The majority opinion was written by Justice Antonin Scalia, and joined by Chief Justice William Rehnquist and justices Sandra Day O’Connor, Clarence Thomas, Stephen Breyer and Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
Justices David Souter, Anthony Kennedy and John Paul Stevens dissented, with Justice Souter writing the dissenting opinion.
Seven of the nine U.S. Supreme Court justices were appointed by Republican presidents. Four of those justices joined the two justices appointed by President Clinton (Breyer and Ginsburg) to form the majority in the beef checkoff case.
The Court today:
|Chief Justice William Rehnquist||appointed by President Nixon||1972|
|John Paul Stevens||appointed by President Ford||1975|
|Sandra Day O’Connor||appointed by President Reagan||1981|
|Antonin Scalia||appointed by President Reagan||1986|
|Anthony Kennedy||appointed by President Reagan||1988|
|David Souter||appointed by President Bush||1990|
|Clarence Thomas||appointed by President Bush||1991|
|Ruth Bader Ginsburg||appointed by President Clinton||1993|
|Stephen Breyer||appointed by President Clinton||1995|