Total U.S. red meat and poultry production for 2009 is reduced as lower beef and poultry output more than offset higher pork production. The July 1 Cattle report, which was released on July 24 indicated lower cow numbers, a smaller calf crop, fewer cattle on feed, and fewer cattle outside feedlots than last year, all implying smaller feedlot placements through the balance of 2009 and into 2010. This also implies lower feedlot marketings and cattle slaughter and hence lower beef production than forecast last month. Partly offsetting the lower beef production is higher forecast pork production due to larger expected slaughter and higher carcass weights in the third quarter of 2009. Poultry production is forecast slightly lower as fractionally higher second quarter broiler production is more than offset by weaker turkey production. Egg production for 2009 is reduced slightly. Changes in the meat production forecast for 2010 reflect tighter supplies of fed cattle due to smaller cattle feedlot placements and lower cow slaughter. There are no changes to forecast pork and poultry production for 2010 as lower feed prices provide some support to producers. Egg production forecasts are unchanged from last month.
Export forecasts for 2009 and 2010 are reduced largely because of lower expected beef shipments. Weak economic growth in 2009 and tighter beef supplies for both 2009 and 2010 are expected to result in lower exports. Broiler exports are raised slightly but turkey export forecasts are reduced. Pork forecasts are unchanged.
Price forecasts for cattle, hogs, and broilers are lowered for 2009. Weak demand is pressuring prices. Egg prices are forecast slightly higher. Prices for hogs and broilers are lowered for 2010, but cattle prices are raised as tighter fed cattle supplies support prices. Egg and turkey price forecasts are unchanged for 2010.