Springfield, IL Fri Aug 1, 2014 USDA-IL Dept of Ag Market News
Hay Market Report as of July 31, 2014
All hay prices quoted dollars per ton FOB the farm, small square bales
unless otherwise noted. Straw quoted in dollars per bale and by the ton.
This report was based on the sale of 5315 tons.
The demand for Illinois hay was light to moderate, with most of the demand
coming from the dairy and horse interests. Market activity was slow, with
moderate to heavy offerings. Some hay producers had finished their second
cuttings of alfalfa, while others were finishing their third. Yields have
been very good so far for many producers, but many areas will need rainfall
to continue that trend. The demand for wheat straw was good to very good,
with trading moderate to active and light to moderate supplies of straw.
The Illinois Department of Agriculture has an Illinois Hay Directory on their
website. If you have hay for sale or want to list your needs as a buyer,
you can do so at www.agr.state.il.us/markets/hay.
Northern Illinois Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Premium 325 240.00-270.00 253.85
Good 805 200.00-230.00 203.63
Fair 25 160.00-160.00 160.00
Utility 50 100.00-100.00 100.00
Premium 50 210.00-210.00 210.00
Good 50 185.00-185.00 185.00
Premium 85 190.00-300.00 287.06
Premium 65 190.00-210.00 194.61
Good 50 165.00-165.00 165.00
Large Squares 1120 110.00-110.00 110.00 At the field
80 140.00-140.00 140.00
Premium 1375 200.00-250.00 246.36
Good 200 150.00-150.00 150.00
Premium 25 150.00-150.00 150.00
Good 200 145.00-145.00 145.00
Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Good 150 200.00-210.00 205.00
Premium 10 240.00-240.00 240.00
Good 10 200.00-200.00 200.00
Fair 40 130.00-130.00 130.00
Fair 50 160.00-160.00 160.00
Premium 40 200.00-280.00 230.00
Good 35 180.00-200.00 188.57
Premium 10 200.00-200.00 200.00
Good 10 160.00-160.00 160.00
Premium 360 105.00-120.00 113.75
Fair 40 80.00-80.00 80.00
Good 15 110.00-110.00 110.00
Good 40 150.00-150.00 150.00 3.00 per bale
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%). Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Low Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA-IL Dept of AG Market News Springfield, IL 217-782-4925
in state only toll free 888-458-4787