Springfield, IL Fri Sep 5, 2014 USDA-IL Dept of Ag Market News
Hay Market Report as of Sep 4, 2014
All hay prices quoted dollars per ton FOB the farm, small square bales
unless otherwise noted. Straw quoted in dollars per bale and by the ton.
This report was based on the sale of 2510 tons.
The demand for Illinois hay was light to moderate, with market activity slow,
for moderate to heavy offerings. Prices were mostly steady. Many producers were
finished with their third cuttings and ready to harvest either their fourth or
fifth cuttings. It has been a challenging season to put up dry hay, as rain in
the early months of the hay season delayed harvest of the first and second
cuttings. Then rain, high humidity and unsettled weather conditions made it
difficult for the third, fourth and fifth cuttings for many producers. With
rainfall being higher than normal in many cases across the state, especially for
the month of August, pasture conditions have been very good for horses and
cattle. This has lowered demand for hay in many cases. Producers were busy
making sure their established customers had enough hay on hand to get them
through the upcoming fall harvest season. The demand for wheat straw was still
good, with trading moderate to active, for light to moderate supplies of straw.
The Illinois Department of Agriculture has an Illinois Hay Directory on their
website. If you have hay for sale or want to list your needs as a buyer, you can
do so at www.agr.state.il.us/markets/hay.
Northern Illinois Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Premium 100 270.00-270.00 270.00
100 240.00-240.00 240.00 At the field
Good 300 210.00-230.00 222.00
Fair 25 190.00-190.00 190.00
Utility 150 95.00-100.00 96.67
Good 100 165.00-165.00 165.00
Good 10 200.00-200.00 200.00 4.50 per bale
Premium 75 210.00-210.00 210.00
Good 100 140.00-140.00 140.00
Fair 40 90.00-90.00 90.00
Large Squares 120 120.00-130.00 125.00
Premium 600 250.00-250.00 250.00
Good 25 200.00-200.00 200.00
Fair 100 150.00-150.00 150.00
Fair 40 110.00-110.00 110.00
Good 280 100.00-110.00 108.57
Fair 20 80.00-80.00 80.00
Good 100 145.00-145.00 145.00
Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Good 50 200.00-210.00 205.00
Fair 25 160.00-160.00 160.00
Premium 10 240.00-240.00 240.00 6.00 per bale
Fair 40 95.00-95.00 95.00 At the field
Good 40 180.00-200.00 197.50 4.50 to 5.00 per bale
Good 10 150.00-150.00 150.00
Premium 15 200.00-200.00 200.00 5.00 per bale
Good 5 160.00-160.00 160.00 4.00 per bale
Good 15 120.00-120.00 120.00
Good 15 200.00-200.00 200.00 4.00 per bale
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%). Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Low Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA-IL Dept of AG Market News Springfield, IL 217-782-4925
in state only toll free 888-458-4787