Springfield, IL Fri Oct 3, 2014 USDA-IL Dept of Ag Market News
Hay Market Report as of Oct 2, 2014
All hay prices quoted dollars per ton FOB the farm, small square bales
unless otherwise noted. Straw quoted in dollars per bale and by the ton.
This report was based on the sale of 2250 tons.
The demand for Illinois hay remained light to moderate, with market activity
slow to moderate, for moderate to heavy offerings. Prices were mostly steady.
Demand was increasing for premium type alfalfa as some dairy producers looked
to build supplies. Many producers were finishing their baling of dry hay for
the 2014 season. The last couple of weeks of September gave many producers
a chance to finish baling and to harvest some good quality hay. Pasture
conditions have remained good in many areas of the state, reducing the demand
for hay. The demand for wheat straw was good, with trading moderate to active,
for light to moderate supplies of straw. The Illinois Department of Agriculture
has an Illinois Hay Directory on their website. If you have hay for sale or
want to list your needs as a buyer, you can do so at
Northern Illinois Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Premium 165 240.00-270.00 253.93
Good 215 210.00-230.00 214.07
Fair 190 165.00-190.00 178.82
Utility 50 110.00-110.00 110.00
Premium 10 200.00-200.00 200.00 5.00 per bale
Good 100 165.00-165.00 165.00
Premium 75 210.00-210.00 210.00
Fair 100 140.00-140.00 140.00
Utility 50 110.00-110.00 110.00
Large Squares 120 120.00-130.00 123.33
Premium 500 250.00-265.00 257.50
Good 100 200.00-200.00 200.00
Fair 100 150.00-150.00 150.00
Fair 20 80.00-80.00 80.00
Good 20 220.00-240.00 230.00 5.50 to 6.00 per bale
Fair 15 90.00-90.00 90.00
Good 110 100.00-110.00 105.45
Good 5 170.00-170.00 170.00 4.25 per bale
Good 200 145.00-145.00 145.00
Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Good 20 200.00-200.00 200.00
Fair 20 180.00-180.00 180.00
Premium 10 240.00-240.00 240.00 6.00 per bale
Premium 40 240.00-240.00 240.00 6.00 per bale
Good 15 200.00-200.00 200.00 4.00 per bale
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%). Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Low Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA-IL Dept of AG Market News Springfield, IL 217-782-4925
in state only toll free 888-458-4787