Springfield, IL Fri Nov 7, 2014 USDA-IL Dept of Ag Market News
Hay Market Report as of Nov 6, 2014
All hay prices quoted dollars per ton FOB the farm, small square bales
unless otherwise noted. Straw quoted in dollars per bale and by the ton.
This report was based on the sale of 2519 tons.
The demand for Illinois hay remained light to moderate, with market activity
slow to moderate, for moderate to heavy offerings. Prices were steady to firm.
Demand was moderate to good for the better quality hay for dairy and horse
interests. Interest in all hay has increased in the last couple of weeks, with
buyers making contact trying to line up some of their hay supplies before colder
weather sets in. It was a good year for hay production, according to the
October Crop Production report released by the National Ag Statistics Service.
In the report, Illinois produced 1.312 million tons of alfalfa and alfalfa mixed
hay during the 2014 growing season, from 320,000 acres, with an average yield of
4.10 tons per acre. That compares to 1.224 million tons produced in 2013, with
an average yield of 3.60 tons per acre. In the All Other hay category, Illinois
produced 825,000 tons from 330,000 acres, with an average yield of 2.50 tons per
acre. Total hay production for the 2014 season was estimated to be 2.137
million tons from 650,000 acres. The demand for wheat straw was good to very
good, especially for small square bales, with trading moderate to active, for
light to moderate supplies of straw. The Illinois Department of Agriculture has
an Illinois Hay Directory on their website. If you have hay for sale or want to
list your needs as a buyer, you can do so at www.agr.state.il.us/markets/hay.
Northern Illinois Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Premium 130 250.00-270.00 257.69
Good 75 230.00-230.00 230.00
Fair 75 130.00-190.00 170.00
Good 20 180.00-180.00 180.00
Small Squares 10 220.00-220.00 220.00 5.50 per bale
Good 50 120.00-120.00 120.00
Large Squares 440 115.00-135.00 116.59
Good 25 100.00-100.00 100.00
Supreme 50 330.00-330.00 330.00 Delivered
Premium 700 240.00-250.00 243.57
Good 100 200.00-200.00 200.00
Fair 100 150.00-150.00 150.00
Good 15 220.00-220.00 220.00 5.50 per bale
Good 45 220.00-240.00 233.33 5.50 to 6.00 per bale
Good 110 110.00-115.00 112.50
Good 10 170.00-170.00 170.00 4.25 per bale
Good 250 140.00-140.00 140.00
Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Good 50 200.00-200.00 200.00
Fair 94 140.00-190.00 170.90
Premium 10 240.00-240.00 240.00 6.00 per bale
Good 10 200.00-200.00 200.00 5.00 per bale
Fair 35 140.00-140.00 140.00
Good 35 200.00-240.00 228.57 5.00 to 6.00 per bale
Good 50 200.00-200.00 200.00 Orchard Grass
Fair 15 160.00-160.00 160.00 Orchard Grass
Good 15 200.00-200.00 200.00 4.00 per bale
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%). Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Low Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA-IL Dept of AG Market News Springfield, IL 217-782-4925
in state only toll free 888-458-4787