Amarillo, TX Fri May 10, 2013 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last week: Hay prices generally steady to weak. Only a few areas
of the state received any kind of measurable rainfall this week with most areas
still dry and in need of rain. Unseasonable cold temperatures and in some
northern areas significant freezes occurred this week. These cold temperatures
over the state further damaged an already damaged wheat crop. Also, other crops
and grasses were damaged or growth slowed. Thus, bailing of Bermuda grasses set
back a few weeks. Trade activity was light on light to moderate demand as
continued talk of new crop prices. Supplemental feeding of livestock continues
in most all regions as drought conditions remain. Many livestock producers are
reducing herds as grazing conditions deteriorate.
Prices for hay and pellets quoted per ton except where noted.
The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set up for
Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-877-429-1998.
The website for the hotline is: www.TexasAgricultue.gov/hayhotline
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered: Good to Premium 9.00-11.00 per bale,
300.00-330.00, few sales New Crop 355.00.
Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 280.00-295.00, New Crop 255.00-
285.00. Good to Premium 260.00-280.00; Fair to Good 225.00-260.00.
Small Bales: FOB: Premium to Supreme 11.00-12.00 per bale.
Large Bales: FOB: limited test: New-Crop - Premium to Supreme 280.00; Good to
Chopped Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: North: 250.00-260.00. South:
250.00-265.00, calf hay 275.00-280.00.
Wheat Hay: Large Bales: FOB: 120.00-125.00; Delivered: 145.00.00-180.00.
Coastal Bermuda Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 180.00. Small Bales: Delivered:
Good to Premium 10.50 per bale.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 280.00-330.00, 8.00-10.50
Large squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 240.00-245.00. Mid-square: 270.00
Good quality 200.00.
North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme limited test 8.00-
12.00 per bale.
Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 270.00-300.00, New Crop 255.00;
Good to Premium 260.00-270.00.
Wheat Hay: Large Bales: 130.00
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00-265.00, 6.00-
8.00 per bale, Fair to Good 5.00-6.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 50.00-90.00; 100.00-180.00 per ton,
Good 40.00-50.00 per roll, 100.00-120.00 per ton; Fair 40.00 per roll.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00-265.00, 7.00-
8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-230.00, 5.00-7.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 120.00-180.00;
60.00-90.00 per roll, Good 50.00-60.00 per roll, 100.00-120.00 per ton.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more than
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 100%
matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used with visual
appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price or value
more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra leafy.
Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is excellent color
free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in grass
hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high nutritive
content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes and
early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of damage other
than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay may show
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes or
mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category could include hay
discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects
be identified in market reports when using this category.
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
806/372-6361 - firstname.lastname@example.org
USDA 24 hour price information 806-372-3494
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