Amarillo, TX Fri May 23, 2014 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last week: Hay prices were steady to firm on all classes of hay
as new crop prices are still being established. Trade activity was moderate to
good and demand was very good. New crop is in tight supply due to the ongoing
drought keeping asking prices much higher than what most dairies and feedyards
are willing to pay. Most producers are asking a price in the field (FOB) that
customers were paying delivered for the new crop. Supplemental feeding
continues across the state as most regions are in desperate need of moisture and
hay resources are continuing to get very limited, even with new hay available.
South Texas and areas that have received enough rain are busy baling coastal
Bermuda hay. Prices for hay and pellets quoted per ton except where noted.
The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set up for
Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-877-429-1998.
The website for the hotline is: www.TexasAgriculture.gov/hayhotline
Alfalfa: Small Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 315.00-360.00, 9.50-
11.00 per Bale.
Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 300.00-315.00; Good to Premium
255.00-275.00; Fair to Good 210.00-245.00.
Small Bales: FOB: Premium to Supreme 11.00 per bale.
Large Bales: FOB: Premium to Supreme 250.00-270.00.
Chopped Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 225.00-245.00; Calf Hay 255.00-
Coastal Bermuda: Large bales: Delivered: 190.00.
Wheat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 165.00-200.00.
Large Bales: FOB: 120.00.
Prairie Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 150.00-160.00.
Grass Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 165.00.
Small Bales: Delivered: 215.00-220.00.
Milo Stover: Delivered: 100.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 270.00-300.00, 8.00-9.00
North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 285.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 200.00-230.00, 6.00-
7.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 60.00-80.00 per roll, 120.00-160.00 per
ton; Good 50.00 per roll, 100.00 per ton.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00-265.00, 7.00-
8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-200.00, 5.00-6.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 100.00-130.00;
50.00-65.00 per roll.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more than
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 100%
dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used with
visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price or
value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra leafy.
Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is excellent color
and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in grass
hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high nutritive
content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes and
early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of damage other
than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay may
show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes or
mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category could include hay
discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects
will be identified in market reports when using this category.
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
806/372-6361 - firstname.lastname@example.org