Amarillo, TX Fri Jul 18, 2014 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last week: All hay prices were steady to weak. Trade activity
was slow to moderate on light to moderate demand. Dairies continue to back off
the market since milk prices have come down. Freight continues to play a key
factor in how far brokers are willing to haul hay in order to cover their costs.
East and South Texas have a good crop of Coastal Bermuda that have benefitted
from rain in the area. Prices for hay and pellets quoted per ton except where
The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set up for
Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-877-429-1998.
The website for the hotline is: www.TexasAgriculture.gov/hayhotline
Alfalfa: Small Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 330.00, 10.00 per Bale;
Grass Mix 7.00 per bale.
Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 260.00-295.00; Good to Premium
240.00-260.00; Fair to Good 220.00-240.00.
Chopped Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 200.00-225.00. Calf hay 245.00-
290.00. Brown 185.00-190.00
Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: 195.00-205.00, 95.00-100.00 per
Wheat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 165.00-180.00.
Wheat Straw: Small Bales: Delivered: 6.15 per bale.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 265.00, 8.00 per bale.
Large Bales: FOB: Premium to Supreme 270.00-285.00, Good to Premium 245.00-
North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 230.00, 7.00 per bale;
Grass/Alfalfa 5.00 per bale.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00, 7.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 60.00-75.00 per roll, 120.00-150.00 per
ton; Fair to Good 45.00-50.00 per roll, 90.00-100.00 per ton.
Rye Hay: Large Rounds: FOB: 40.00 per bale.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00-265.00, 7.00-
8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-200.00, 5.00-6.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 120.00-170.00;
60.00-85.00 per roll; Fair to Good 100.00; 50.00 per roll.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more than
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 100%
dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used with
visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price or
value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra leafy.
Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is excellent color
and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in grass
hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high nutritive
content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes and
early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of damage other
than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay may
show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes or
mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category could include hay
discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects
will be identified in market reports when using this category.
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
806/372-6361 - firstname.lastname@example.org