Amarillo, TX Fri Sep 19, 2014 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last week: Alfalfa prices were mostly steady to weak especially
since it was difficult to locate those top end prices. Ground alfalfa traded
5.00-10.00 lower. Trade activity was slow on light demand. Dairies and
feedlots continue to feed hay that they have in stock as they wait hoping for
lower prices. Recent scattered showers across the state brought some relief in
the hot summer temperatures. Some Coastal Bermuda producers in the east were
not fortunate enough to receive the latest rainfall and may not have a third
cutting this year. Prices have remained the same as producers wait for trade
activity to pick up for the winter months ahead. Prices for hay and pellets
quoted per ton except where noted.
The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set up for
Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-877-429-1998.
The website for the hotline is: www.TexasAgriculture.gov/hayhotline
Alfalfa: Small Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 330.00, 10.00 per bale.
Grass Mix: 7.00 per bale.
Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 240.00-255.00; Good to Premium
210.00-240.00; Fair 210.00.
Chopped Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 175.00-185.00. Calf hay 205.00. Brown
Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: 180.00-200.00, 100.00 per bale.
Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: 145.00.
Hay Grazer: Large Bales: Delivered: 125.00.
Bluestem: Large Bales: Delivered: 60.00 per bale.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 265.00, 8.00 per bale.
Large Bales: FOB: Premium to Supreme 240.00-260.00, Good to Premium 220.00-
North, Central, and East Texas:
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00-265.00, 7.00-8.00
per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-200.00, 5.00-6.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 60.00-75.00 per roll, 120.00-150.00 per
ton; Fair to Good 50.00-60.00 per roll, 100.00-120.00 per ton.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00-265.00, 7.00-
8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-200.00, 5.00-6.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 120.00-140.00;
60.00-70.00 per roll; Fair to Good 100.00-120.00, 50.00-60.00 per roll.
Grass Hay: Large Rounds: FOB: 40.00 per roll.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more than
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 100%
dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used with
visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price or
value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra leafy.
Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is excellent color
and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in grass
hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high nutritive
content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes and
early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of damage other
than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay may
show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes or
mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category could include hay
discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects
will be identified in market reports when using this category.
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
806/372-6361 - firstname.lastname@example.org