Amarillo, TX Fri Oct 17, 2014 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last week: Hay prices remain unchanged for now. Trade activity
was slow to moderate on light to moderate demand. Brokers believe in the next
few weeks activity will pick up as silage harvest ends and buyers begin to stock
up for winter months. A few feedlots and dairies are beginning to buy on an “as
needed” bass. Wide price spreads are due to quality and freight costs. South
and East Texas producers report plenty of Coastal Bermuda available this year.
Supplemental feeding of livestock remains on hold as temperatures range from
cool fall-like temperatures at night to 70-80’s during the day. Prices for hay
and pellets quoted per ton except where noted.
The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set up for
Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-877-429-1998.
The website for the hotline is: www.TexasAgriculture.gov/hayhotline
Alfalfa: Small Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 330.00, 10.00 per bale.
Grass Mix: 7.00 per bale.
Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 245.00-275.00; Good to Premium
Chopped Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 175.00-190.00. Calf hay 200.00-
Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: 195.00-200.00, 100.00 per bale.
Bluestem: Large Bales: Delivered: 60.00 per bale.
Hay Grazer: Large Bales: Delivered: 110.00.
Prairie Grass: Large Bales: Delivered: 220.00.
Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: 182.00.
Cotton Burrs: Delivered: 65.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 265.00, 8.00 per bale.
Large Bales: FOB: Premium to Supreme 240.00-260.00, Good to Premium 220.00-
North, Central, and East Texas:
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00-265.00, 7.00-8.00
per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-200.00, 5.00-6.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 60.00-80.00 per roll, 120.00-160.00 per
ton; Fair to Good 30.00-50.00 per roll, 60.00-100.00 per ton.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00-265.00, 7.00-
8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-200.00, 5.00-6.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 120.00-140.00;
60.00-70.00 per roll; Fair to Good 100.00-120.00, 50.00-60.00 per roll.
Grass Hay: Large Rounds: FOB: 40.00 per roll.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more than
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 100%
dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used with
visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price or
value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra leafy.
Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is excellent color
and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in grass
hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high nutritive
content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes and
early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of damage other
than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay may
show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes or
mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category could include hay
discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects
will be identified in market reports when using this category.
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
806/372-6361 - email@example.com