Most farms and small businesses are aware of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and some of its requirements. By Jan. 1, 2014, all individuals are required to carry healthcare insurance for themselves and their dependents, says Adam Kantrovich, PhD, a Michigan State University Extension specialist. Healthcare insurance exchanges (also known as the health insurance marketplaces) are now online, allowing individuals and small businesses to shop for healthcare insurance. By January 2015, all employers with 50 or more full-time-equivalent employees are required to provide their full-time employees with healthcare insurance or face penalties.

Although employers received a one-year reprieve from providing healthcare insurance to their full-time employees until 2015, many are unaware that all employers that are subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act must provide their employees with a healthcare benefits notification. By Oct. 1, 2013, any employer that meets the following criteria is held to meeting the employee notification protocol of the ACA.

This provision applies to “employers that employ one or more employees who are engaged in, or produce goods for, interstate commerce. For most firms, a test of not less than $500,000 in annual dollar volume of business applies” (U.S. Dept. of Labor). Healthcare, education and government agencies may have other or additional requirements. The U.S. Department of Labor provided a technical release that discusses employer notification requirements including:

1. Providing the employee with information about the marketplace shop (also known as the exchange), how to contact the marketplace, the type of services and how to receive assistance.

2. Whether the employer provides insurance and, if so, will it meet the minimum requirements of the ACA or if the employee will be eligible for a premium tax credit.

3. That an employee who purchases a qualified health plan through the marketplace might lose the employer contribution (if any) to any health benefits plan offered by the employer and that all or a portion of such contribution may be excludable from income for federal income tax purposes.

The U. S. Department of Labor offers two sample notification templates that can be used by employers: one for employers that do not provide healthcare benefits to their employees and a template for employers that do provide healthcare benefits to their employees.

With the complexity of this act, Michigan State University Extension reminds employers that it is always a good idea for businesses to consult with their respective legal advisors to make sure they are meeting the necessary requirements of the ACA.

For more information, visit the Department of Labor website at