It's not uncommon to hear about ranches having poor results backgrounding or preconditioning calves because of failures in their vaccination program. The highest quality vaccine available is useless if not handled and administered properly. Following this list of effective vaccination criteria can help ensure immunization.


  • Determine target pathogens
  • Select the most effective vaccine
  • Prevent exposure of vaccine to heat and light
  • Use only sterile needles and syringes
  • Draw from bottle with sterile needle
  • Use quality syringes
  • Inspect and maintain all working components
  • Administer proper dose
  • Use proper needle size
  • Administer recommended route, intramuscular or subcutaneous
  • Administer in recommended site, usually the neck region
  • Change needles often to reduce tissue irritation
  • Always follow label directions
  • Booster all vaccines when label requires it