All individuals working with livestock should be trained in the proper care and handling of livestock, according to recommendations for the care and handling of beef cattle adopted by the National Cattlemen's Beef Association's Beef Quality Assurance Advisory Board.

Observe your employees to make sure they are properly trained. Never assume that anyone can properly handle cattle or use proper techniques. Ongoing education should be a part of any management plan. Employees working with cattle should understand the concept of working from an animal's flight zone. The size of the flight zone is determined by previous experience of the animal and its temperament.

When working with cattle, individuals should avoid sudden movement, loud noises or other actions that may frighten animals. Handling devices should be used humanely.

Education materials on basic livestock handling techniques, including the proper handling of disabled cattle, are available from the Livestock Conservation Institute at www.snimalagriculture.org/home.asp