To better utilize his available forage resources, Kit Pharo, a commercial cow-calf and seedstock producer from Cheyenne Wells, Colo., developed additional water sources, built some cross-fences and established a rotational grazing system on his ranch in the summer of 1994.

"Simply put, this involves putting most of our cattle together in one large herd and rotating them through a series of smaller pastures called paddocks," explained Mr. Pharo to producers attending the 1999 Range Beef Cow symposium held in Greeley, Colo. He explained that a well-managed rotational grazing system can:

* Increase grass production by providing more time for rest and regrowth. Without rest, new growth will continually be eaten and re-eaten, eventually harming and even killing the grass plant. With traditional grazing, some plants are severely over-grazed, while others are not grazed at all.

* Increase the amount of grass stockpiled for winter grazing. Decrease the amount of feed that must be fed, decreasing expenses and increasing profits.

* Provide opportunity for higher production grasses to get re-established, Without proper rest, some types of grasses cannot survive the pressures of grazing. The preferred grasses will be grazed-out and replaced with inferior grasses.

* Increase herd size and total beef production. More available forage, improved quality and great utilization has allowed Mr. Pharo to run more cattle on the same acres for a longer period of time.