Springfield, IL Fri Dec 5, 2014 USDA-IL Dept of Ag Market News
Hay Market Report as of Dec 4, 2014
All hay prices quoted dollars per ton FOB the farm, small square bales
unless otherwise noted. Straw quoted in dollars per bale and by the ton.
This report was based on the sale of 3319 tons.
The demand for Illinois hay remained light to moderate, with market activity
slow to moderate, for moderate to heavy offerings. Prices were steady to firm
for the higher quality hay, with lower quality hay trending steady to weak.
While many producers were getting some calls and interest for hay, many buyers
delayed buying for a while and not making a purchase. Interest was lower this
month for dairy hay and beef, but remained good for horses. The demand for
wheat straw remained good to very good, especially for small square bales,
with trading moderate to active, for light to moderate supplies of straw. The
llinois Department of Agriculture has an Illinois Hay Directory on their
website. If you have hay for sale or want to list your needs as a buyer, you
can do so at www.agr.state.il.us/markets/hay.
Northern Illinois Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Premium 130 250.00-270.00 257.69
Good 75 230.00-250.00 240.00
Fair 75 130.00-190.00 170.00
Small Squares 10 220.00-220.00 220.00 5.50 per bale
Fair 25 130.00-130.00 130.00
Good 25 160.00-162.00 161.00 Stored Inside
Good 50 120.00-120.00 120.00
Large Squares 40 115.00-115.00 115.00
Good 10 110.00-115.00 112.50 35.00 per bale
Supreme 50 330.00-330.00 330.00 Delivered
Premium 1600 240.00-250.00 244.61
Good 100 200.00-200.00 200.00
Fair 100 150.00-150.00 150.00
Good 15 220.00-220.00 220.00 5.50 per bale
Good 45 220.00-240.00 233.33 5.50 to 6.00 per bale
Good 165 100.00-105.00 101.97
Fair 40 75.00- 75.00 75.00
Good 10 170.00-170.00 170.00 4.25 per bale
Good 200 110.00-110.00 110.00
Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Good 50 190.00-200.00 195.00
Fair 94 140.00-190.00 170.90
Premium 10 240.00-240.00 240.00 6.00 per bale
Good 10 200.00-200.00 200.00 5.00 per bale
Fair 35 140.00-140.00 140.00
Good 20 280.00-280.00 280.00 7.00 per bale del.
35 200.00-240.00 228.57 5.00 to 6.00 per bale
Good 50 200.00-200.00 200.00 Orchard Grass
Fair 15 160.00-160.00 160.00 Orchard Grass
Good 15 200.00-200.00 200.00 4.00 per bale
Good 20 125.00-125.00 125.00
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%). Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Low Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA-IL Dept of AG Market News Springfield, IL 217-782-4925
in state only toll free 888-458-4787