Springfield, IL Fri May 1, 2015 USDA-IL Dept of Ag Market News
Hay Market Report as of Apr 30, 2015
All hay prices quoted dollars per ton FOB the farm, small square bales
unless otherwise noted. Straw quoted in dollars per bale and by the ton.
This report was based on the sale of 1535 tons.
The demand for Illinois hay was light to moderate, with market activity
moderate, for moderate offerings. Prices were steady to 10 dollars lower.
The start to the pasture season and dairy producers looking forward to
harvesting their own forages lowered the demand for hay. Producers did
have damage from winterkill, with most of the damage done in young stands
or very old. Many were still preparing to harvest their first cutting of
hay this season. Harvest could begin for producers in the southern parts
of the state by mid-May. Prices for straw remained steady. The demand for
wheat straw remained good, with moderate to active trading, for light
supplies of straw. The Illinois Department of Agriculture has an Illinois
Hay Directory on their website. If you have hay for sale or want to list
your needs as a buyer, you can do so at www.agr.state.il.us/markets/hay.
Northern Illinois Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Good 40 210.00-210.00 210.00
Good 20 160.00-160.00 160.00
Utility 50 100.00-100.00 100.00
Premium 20 220.00-240.00 230.00
Good 50 150.00-150.00 150.00
Large Squares 30 135.00-135.00 135.00
Small Squares 10 225.00-225.00 225.00
Supreme 750 300.00-300.00 300.00 Delivered
Good 60 160.00-160.00 160.00
Fair 100 130.00-130.00 130.00
Utility 100 100.00-100.00 100.00
Good 10 220.00-220.00 220.00 5.50 per bale
Good 50 200.00-220.00 204.00 5.00-5.50 per bale
Utility 30 65.00- 65.00 65.00
Good 5 160.00-160.00 160.00 4.00 per bale
Tons Price Wtd Avg Comments
Good 25 170.00-170.00 170.00
Fair 50 135.00-160.00 147.50
Utility 25 105.00-105.00 105.00
Premium 20 280.00-280.00 280.00 Delivered
Good 5 200.00-200.00 200.00 5.00 per bale
Premium 40 200.00-280.00 246.67 5.00-7.00 per bale
Premium 15 320.00-320.00 320.00 Delivered
Good 10 175.00-200.00 181.25 3.50-4.00 per bale
Good 20 130.00-130.00 130.00
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme 185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100%
& 90%). Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Low Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA-IL Dept of AG Market News Springfield, IL 217-782-4925
in state only toll free 888-458-4787