Last week the FDA issued the final version of Guidance for Industry #229 “Evaluating the Effectiveness of New Animal Drugs for the Reduction of Pathogenic Shiga Toxin-Producing E. coli (STEC) in Cattle.”

GFI #229 provides recommendations on study design and criteria drug manufacturers should use when evaluating the effectiveness of animal drugs intended to reduce STEC. The guidance addresses topics including:

·         Protocol development.

·         Study conduct.

·         Animal welfare.

·         Nutritional content of experimental diets.

·         The assessment of drug concentrations in experimental diets.

·         Experimental parameters.

·         Substantial evidence of effectiveness.

The guidance also provides recommendations for acceptable indications, as well as study designs and analyses that sponsors should use to verify the effectiveness of drugs intended to reduce pathogenic STEC in cattle.

STEC is a foodborne pathogen found mostly in cattle, but can cause serious human illness if contracted. In the U.S., E. coli O157:H7 is the most common type of STEC associated with foodborne E. coli outbreaks, but other serotypes of STEC may also cause illness in people. Most foodborne E. coli infections can be prevented by thorough hand washing, cooking meats to the appropriate temperature, and preventing cross contamination in food preparation.

GFI #229 is available online from FDA.