With 42 percent of corn out of the nation’s field, the 2015 harvest is rapidly approaching the halfway point.
According to the USDA’s latest Crop Progress, this week’s corn harvest report is just one percentage point behind the five-year average and 19 percentage points ahead of the 2014 pace. Over the last week, two states in particular – Illinois (71 percent) and Minnesota (29 percent) – reported the largest gains in harvest progress.
Corn conditions were unchanged for another week with 10 percent in poor or very poor condition. With 28 percent of its corn in these conditions, North Carolina reported the worst corn in the nation. The local NASS office shows the while the state was initially dealing with dry conditions, two weeks of rains have pushed the topsoil moisture percent from short to surplus.
“Recent excessive rainfall has significantly impacted most crops across the region, especially sweet potatoes, peanuts, tobacco, early maturity soybeans, cotton, sorghum, and corn. Two weeks of rainy conditions has created seed sprouting and deterioration in these crops. Yields and quality will be significantly reduced in areas receiving the most rainfall,” one agronomist reported.
Soybean: Harvest nearly triples the five-year average
The USDA also reported 54 percent of soybeans harvested, compared to 37 percent last year and the five-year average of 20 percent. Three states in particular are leading the pack: Iowa (33 percent), Nebraska (26 percent), and South Dakota (71 percent).
“The weather was nearly ideal for harvest last week with warm temperatures and dry weather allowing farmers to make significant progress on harvest,” Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey said in a statement here. “Sixty-five percent of beans and 29 percent of corn have been harvested and with good weather in the forecast those numbers will continue to increase quickly.”
As seen with corn conditions, soybean conditions were unchanged from last week’s report at 11 percent in poor or worse condition. North Carolina soybeans were the worst in the nation with 29 percent in these struggling conditions.