The planting season is coming to a close as the last areas that are able to plant are finishing up. In the latest USDA Crop Progress update, as of July 6, 96 percent of soybeans were planted, up 2 percent from last week. The 2010-2014 average was 100 percent planted by this date. Areas saw good weather last week, helping farmers finish up the last of the soybeans.
Missouri is still well behind other states in getting soybean seeds in the ground, with 73 percent planted. However the break in the bad weather provided areas with more days of fieldwork. According to NASS, Missouri had 3.1 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending July 5. However, Missouri went up 11 percent from last week with only 62 percent planted last week.
The next lowest state in soybeans planted was Kansas, with 86 percent last week, and an increase to 94 percent this week.
How about conditions?
As planting woes cease, concerns go to conditions.
Corn conditions just changed slightly from last week. The amount of corn in good to excellent condition went from 68 to 69 percent. The areas seeing the best conditions were Pennsylvania (85 percent), Minnesota (84 percent), Wisconsin (83 percent) and Kentucky (83 percent). Fewer acres in "good to excellent" condition were found in Ohio (45 percent), Indiana (48 percent), Missouri (51 percent) and North Carolina (51 percent).
Ohio farmers were back in the field after a few sunny days last week. The NASS report stated, "Spraying resumed vigorously where fields were accessible in hopes of combatting the insect, disease and weed pressures that flourished in the wet conditions. Farmers see potential for yield loss in corn and soybeans but the full extent of the damage to these crops won’t be known for some time."
The amount of corn in very poor to poor condition was at 6 percent this week, the same as last week. States that are struggling with poor condition are Indiana (21 percent), North Carolina (18 percent), Missouri (16 percent) and Ohio (15 percent).
In Indiana, "A break in the rainy weather along with mild temperatures reduced some of the ponding and the number of over-saturated fields allowing many farmers to finally apply nitrogen to corn and soybeans," according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region.
Sixty-three percent of soybeans were in good to excellent condition. It is the same number as last week and last year's amount was 72 percent. Areas with the most "good to excellent" conditions are Wisconsin (82 percent), Kentucky (81 percent), Iowa (78 percent), Minnesota (78 percent) and North Dakota (78 percent). Those with the lowest "good to excellent" numbers are Missouri (33 percent), Ohio (45 percent), Indiana (46 percent) and Kansas (49 percent).
Soybeans with very poor to poor conditions were at 9 percent, which was also the same as last week. The states with the most concerns over conditions are Indiana (21 percent), Missouri (18 percent), Ohio (18 percent) and Illinois (16 percent).