According to the USDA’s latest Crop Progress report, 9 percent of the nation’s corn is in poor or worse condition, unchanged from last week. The worst of the corn is found across the eastern Corn Belt where weeks of wet weather left fields flooded. Now, even as the weather is drying out, the recovery is questionable.
In Indiana, 25 percent corn is in poor or very poor condition – the highest percentages seen in the country. The local NASS office explained in its weekly report, “Corn and soybean recovery from the June rains remained inconsistent, although soybean fields located in poor drainage areas tended to green up more quickly than the corn. Much of the corn crop remains yellow, and some corn stands have aborted kernels at the ear tips due to the lack of nitrogen and disease.”
Other states showing high percentages of struggling corn include Illinois (15 percent), Kansas (10 percent), Michigan (10 percent), Missouri (17 percent), North Carolina (24 percent), Ohio (21 percent) and Texas (12 percent).
Not all states are reporting the aftermath of flooded corn fields. Falling conditions in Kansas and North Carolina in particular are dealing with increasingly drier conditions. Currently 6 and 8 percent of the states are now growing in drought, respectively.
The USDA also reported 50 percent of the nation’s corn in the dough stage and 9 percent dented.
Soybeans: Conditions improving
Unlike corn conditions, soybean conditions improved slightly from last week’s report with 1 percentage point shifting from good to excellent condition. Even so, 11 percent of the country’s soybeans are seen in poor or very poor condition, compared to 7 percent last year.
Indiana is also reporting the highest percentages of soybeans in these conditions, with 24 percent of soybeans in poor or worse condition.
“The late application of herbicides left soybeans vulnerable to competitive weeds such as glyphosate-resistant marestail and waterhemp, which have become more prominent with the mild temperatures,” the regional NASS office explained.
Other states reporting high percentages of soybeans in these conditions include Illinois (19 percent), Louisiana (14 percent), Missouri (22 percent), North Carolina (17 percent), and Ohio (21 percent).
Additionally, the USDA reported 88 percent of soybeans in the U.S. are blooming, compared to 91 percent last year. Roughly two-thirds of the country’s soybeans are now setting pods.