Highlights: Below average temperatures prevailed in most areas from the Great Plains eastward, while unseasonably warm temperatures reached as many as 9 degrees above normal in the northern Rocky Mountains helping to rapidly mature remaining small grain crops. The northern half of the country experienced mostly dry weather, while parts of the Middle Mississippi Valley, southern Great Plains, and Southeast received between 2 and 4 inches of rainfall, with southern Florida accumulating upwards of 4 inches.

Corn: Eighty-six percent of the Nation's corn acreage was at or beyond the dough stage, compared with 90 percent last year and 94 percent for the 5-year average. Acreage in the dent stage advanced 18 points during the week, leaving progress, at 50 percent, 9 points behind last year and 25 points, or over 1 week, behind normal. A week of mostly dry weather in the western and northern Corn Belt allowed fields to dry out and phenological development to progress rapidly. Eight percent of the corn acreage had reached maturity, 2 points behind last year and 15 points behind the average. Following developmental delays earlier in the growing season, maturation was behind normal in all estimating States except Colorado and North Carolina, with lags of 36 points or more evident in Kentucky, Missouri, and Tennessee. Overall,
69 percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week but up 8 points from last year.

Soybeans: Pod set was nearly complete, with 97 percent of this year's soybean acreage at or beyond the stage by September 6, one point ahead of last year but 2 points behind the 5-year average. Leaves had dropped in 7 percent of the soybean fields, 2 points behind last year and 11 points behind the average, with progress underway in all estimating States except Michigan, North Dakota, and Wisconsin. Overall, 68 percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition, down slightly from last week but 11 points better than last year.

Winter Wheat: Producer had begun seeding the 2010 winter wheat crop, with 5 percent in the ground by September 6, one point ahead of last year but on par with the 5-year average. The most seeding had been completed in Washington where warm, sunny days afforded ample time for fieldwork.

Cotton: Acreage setting bolls advanced to 94 percent complete, 2 points behind last year and 4 points behind the 5-year average. Boll set was complete or nearly complete in all estimating States except Alabama and Texas. Below average temperatures in Alabama slowed crop development, while drought conditions in the Northern Low Plains of Texas stressed the crop.

Bolls were opened on 25 percent of the crop, 2 points behind last year and 10 points behind the average. Bolls opened most rapidly in Mississippi and North Carolina, but progress remained behind normal. Overall, 51 percent of the cotton acreage was rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week but 2 points better than last year.

Sorghum: Heading in the 2009 sorghum crop advanced to 96 percent complete, 4 points ahead of last year and 1 point ahead of the 5-year average. Heading was complete in the Delta and nearly complete on the Great Plains. Cool temperatures and wet fields slowed head development in Illinois. Coloring was complete on 60 percent of the Nation's acreage, 2 points behind last year and 6 points behind the average. Delays of 23 points or more were evident in Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, and South Dakota. Thirty-three percent of the crop was mature, slightly behind last year and 3 points behind normal.

Producers had harvested 29 percent of their acreage by week's end, on par with last year but 1 point behind the 5-year average. Harvest began in Colorado during the week, where producers had nearly a week of days suitable for fieldwork. Overall, 49 percent of the sorghum crop was rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week but 4 points below last year.

Rice: Heading in the rice crop advanced to 95 percent complete by week's end, 2 points behind last year and 3 points behind the 5-year average. Heading was complete or nearly complete in all States except Arkansas and Missouri where overall progress was behind normal. Producers harvested 9 percent of their crop during the week, leaving progress, at 25 percent, 9 points ahead of last year but 2 points behind the average. Overall, 63 percent of the rice crop was rated in good to excellent condition, down 3 points from last week but 2 points better than last year.

Small Grains: Producers harvested 20 percent of their spring wheat crop during the week, leaving progress, at 58 percent, 28 points behind last year and 30 points behind the 5-year average. Harvest was active across much of the major growing region, as mostly above average temperatures prevailed. As harvest crossed the halfway point, 74 percent of the crop was rated in good to excellent condition, down slightly from last week.

Barley producers rapidly harvested their crop, with progress advancing 25 points during the week. Overall progress reached 71 percent by September 6, but remained 13 points behind last year and 19 points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 78 percent of the barley crop was rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week.

Oat harvest reached 93 percent complete by week's end, 6 points behind last year and the 5-year average. Harvest was complete or nearly complete in all estimating States except Minnesota and North Dakota, where producers harvested 17 and 23 percent of their acreage during the week, respectively.

Other Crops: Overall, 72 percent of the peanut crop was rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week but 4 points better than last year. Crop conditions in Georgia, the largest peanut-producing State, improved slightly with 2 percent more of the crop rated as excellent.