Highlights: Temperatures during the week were warmer than normal across much of the country west of the Rocky Mountains and from the eastern Corn Belt toward the Atlantic Coast. Conversely, cool temperatures prevailed throughout the Great Plains, Delta, and Southeast. Storm systems continued to deliver above average rainfall to much of the country, further limiting fieldwork and slowing growth in the 2010 winter wheat crop. Weekly accumulations totaled upward of 400 percent of normal throughout much of the already saturated Great Plains, Corn Belt, and Delta, while several locations in the Rocky Mountains had precipitation totals more than 800 percent of normal. Elsewhere, drier weather returned to much of the Pacific Coast, Southwest, and Southeast, allowing producers to make some progress in harvesting delayed summer crops.

Corn: Crop maturity advanced 7 points during the week. At 90 percent complete, progress was 6 points behind last year and 9 points behind the 5-year average. Development to maturity was most active in the Great Lakes and Indiana where average temperatures were warmer than normal. Harvest advanced to 20 percent, 17 points behind last year and 38 points, or over 3 weeks, behind the average. With the exceptions of Kentucky and Tennessee, harvest was slow across much of the growing region as soggy fields and continued rainfall limited fieldwork. Overall, 69 percent of the corn crop was reported in good to excellent condition, down slightly from ratings last week but 5 points better than last year.

Soybeans: Harvest advanced to 44 percent complete, 31 points behind last year and 36 points, or over 2 weeks, behind the 5-year average. Harvest was most active in Ohio where producers utilized 5 days suitable for fieldwork to combine 41 percent of their crop during the week. Overall, 65 percent of the soybean crop was reported in good to excellent condition, unchanged from ratings last week.

Winter Wheat: Nationally, producers had seeded 76 percent of the 2010 winter wheat crop, 6 points behind last year and 9 points behind the 5-year average. Seeding was most active in the Corn Belt and Ohio during the week following the rapid harvest of the delayed soybean crop. By October 25, fifty-nine percent of the crop had emerged, 7 points behind both last year and the average. The most significant delays were evident in Illinois and Indiana where crop development was 41 points behind normal. Overall, 62 percent of the winter wheat crop was reported in good to excellent condition, 3 points below ratings last year.

Cotton: Acreage with bolls opened advanced to 91 percent, 1 point ahead of last year but on par with the 5-year average. Despite progress of at least 6 percent during the week, development to the opened bolls stage remained 10 points or more behind normal in Alabama, Kansas, and Missouri. Producers had harvested 19 percent of the Nation's acreage by week's end, 19 points behind last year and 24 points, or over 3 weeks, behind the average. Harvest delays of 57 points or more were evident in the Delta and Tennessee where fieldwork remained limited because of additional rainfall and saturated fields. Overall, 44 percent of the cotton crop was reported in good to excellent condition, unchanged from ratings last week but down 4 points from last year.

Sorghum: Coloring advanced to 95 percent complete, 3 points behind last year and 4 points behind the 5-year average. Coloring was complete or nearly complete in all States except Texas where progress was over 3 weeks behind normal as cool temperatures slowed development. Crop maturity reached 79 percent by October 25, three points behind last year and 9 points behind the average. Progress was behind normal in all estimating States except Arkansas and Louisiana where the entire crop had matured. Harvested advanced to 42 percent complete, 6 points behind last year and 18 points behind the 5-year average. Delays of 2 weeks or more were evident in Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and South Dakota. Overall, 47 percent of the sorghum crop was reported in good to excellent condition, unchanged from ratings last week but 9 points below last year.

Rice: Harvest advanced to 85 percent complete by week's end, 9 points behind last year and 11 points behind the 5-year average. Delays of 17 points or more were evident throughout much of the Delta. In Arkansas, harvest remained over 2 weeks behind normal as producers struggled to harvest 14 percent of their crop during the week before additional storm systems dumped more rainfall on their fields.

Other Crops: Forty-seven percent of the peanut crop was harvested by October 25, seventeen points behind last year and 16 points behind the 5-year average. Despite an active harvest pace, double-digit delays remained across much of the growing region. Overall, 67 percent of the peanut crop was reported in good to excellent condition, down slightly from ratings last week.

Sugarbeet producers harvested 14 percent of their crop during the week, leaving progress, at 67 percent, 6 points behind last year and 13 points behind the 5-year average. Overall progress was over 1 week behind normal in Minnesota and North Dakota, the largest and third largest sugarbeet-producing States, respectively.

Sunflower harvest advanced to 12 percent complete by week's end, 9 points behind last year and 27 points, or over 2 weeks, behind the 5-year average. In North Dakota, the largest sunflower-producing State, producers were able to harvest just 1 percent of their crop as continued rainfall and muddy fields allowed 2 days suitable for fieldwork.