Highlights: Abnormally dry conditions persisted throughout the Southwest and returned to the central Great Plains and Southeast, allowing producers ample time to continue harvest activities and small grain seeding. Conversely, wet weather lingered in the northern Great Plains, Great Lakes, New England, eastern Texas, and the Delta dumping additional moisture on already saturated fields. In the west, rain and snow settled into the Pacific Northwest and northern Rocky Mountains with precipitation totals upwards of 400 percent of normal. With the exceptions of Maine, most of the Southwest, and the southern halves of Texas and Louisiana, below average temperatures blanketed the country.

Corn: Acreage at or beyond the dent stage reached 95 percent by week's end, 3 points behind last year and 4 points behind the 5-year average. Double-digit delays remained in Illinois, North Dakota, and Pennsylvania as below average temperatures slowed crop development. Crop maturity advanced to 57 percent complete, 13 points behind last year and 27 points, or nearly 2 weeks, behind the average. By October 4, producers had harvested 10 percent of the Nation's corn crop, 3 points behind last year and 15 points behind normal. Harvest was most active in Kentucky and Tennessee where producers had 4 or more days suitable for fieldwork during the week.

Overall, 70 percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition, up slightly from last week and 9 points better than last year.

Soybeans: Seventy-nine percent of the 2009 soybean acreage was at or beyond the leaf dropping stage, compared with 81 percent last year and 88 percent for the 5-year average. Despite cool temperatures, leaf drop remained active across most of the major soybean-producing States, but overall progress remained behind normal in all States. Nationally, 15 percent of the soybean crop was harvested, 13 points behind last year and 21 points behind the average. Producers in Nebraska took advantage of drier weather and over 5 days suitable for fieldwork and harvested 20 percent of their acreage during the week.

Overall, 67 percent of the soybean crop was rated in good to excellent condition, a 1 point improvement from last week and 10 points better than ratings last year.

Winter Wheat: Producers had seeded 53 percent of their winter wheat acreage by week's end, 2 points behind last year and the 5-year average. Seeding advanced rapidly in Kansas and Oklahoma as drier conditions allowed producers ample time to complete a significant amount of fieldwork. Emergence reached 26 percent by October 4, one point ahead of last year but 1 point behind the average. Adequate soil moisture provided ideal growing conditions in Montana, Oregon, and South Dakota where 20 percent or more of the crop emerged during the week.

Cotton: Bolls were opened in 68 percent of this year's cotton crop, 5 points behind last year and 9 points behind the 5-year average. Despite active development of the cotton crop during the week in Alabama, Missouri, and Tennessee, delays of 2 weeks or more remained. Producers had harvested 10 percent of their crop, 5 points behind last year and 11 points behind the average. In Texas, the harvest pace crept forward as producers in the Northern Low Plains sprayed defoliant in preparation for harvest. Despite abundant rainfall in Louisiana, producers utilized 4.5 days suitable for fieldwork to harvest 12 percent of their crop. Overall, 47 percent of the cotton crop was rated in good to excellent condition, down 2 points from last week and 3 points below ratings last year.

Sorghum: Ninety-one percent of the sorghum acreage was at or beyond the coloring stage, 4 points ahead of last year but 2 points behind the 5-year average. In Texas, the second largest sorghum-producing State, coloring progress was over 1 week behind normal as cool temperatures in the Northern High Plains delayed crop development. Crop maturity advanced to 55 percent complete, 1 point behind last year and 13 points behind the average. Harvest continued at a slow pace, reaching 35 percent complete by October 4, four points behind last year and 9 points, or 2 weeks, behind normal. Despite an active week of harvest in Arkansas, where producers combined 29 percent of their acreage during the week, overall progress remained well behind normal.

Overall, 49 percent of the sorghum crop was rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week but down 5 points from ratings last year.

Rice: Producers harvested 17 percent of the Nation's rice acreage during the week, leaving progress, at 62 percent, 5 points behind last year and 16 points, or over 1 week, behind the 5-year average. Harvest was most active in Arkansas and California, the two largest rice-producing States.

Overall, 60 percent of the rice crop was rated in good to excellent condition, up slightly from last week but 2 points below last year.

Small Grains: Ninety-seven percent of the 2009 spring wheat crop was harvested by week's end, 3 points behind last year and 2 points behind the 5-year average. Harvest was complete in Idaho, South Dakota, and Washington.

The largest delay remained in North Dakota where progress was 3 points behind normal.

Other Crops: Peanut producers had harvested 16 percent of the Nation's peanut acreage, 9 points behind last year and 7 points behind the 5-year average. Harvest was most active in South Carolina where nearly ideal conditions allowed producers to dig nuts at a rapid pace. Overall, 70 percent of the peanut crop was rated in good to excellent condition, unchanged from last week but 5 points better than ratings last year.

Sugarbeet harvest reached 20 percent complete, 7 points behind last year and 4 points behind the 5-year average. Harvest was most active in Minnesota and North Dakota, but progress lagged normal by 6 points in both States.

Producers had harvested 5 percent of the Nation's sunflower crop, 2 points ahead of last year but 2 points behind the 5-year average. Harvest was underway in all estimating States, but was most advanced in Colorado.