In the West, fieldwork such as the cotton harvest continues in the Desert Southwest, while autumn’s first major storm is halting fieldwork but boosting soil moisture reserves in northern and central California and the Pacific Northwest.

On the Plains, warm weather is returning to Texas, but chilly conditions elsewhere continue to limit the emergence and development of recently planted winter wheat. Scattered rain and snow showers are hampering fieldwork, including the sorghum harvest.

In the Corn Belt, light rain—mixed with wet snow—is limiting fieldwork. Producers across well over half of the region continue to assess the effects of the recent growing season-ending freezes on immature corn and soybeans. As of October 11, for example, 10% of Wisconsin’s soybeans had not begun to drop leaves, while 63% of North Dakota’s corn had not reached full maturity.

In the South, unfavorably wet conditions are causing further deterioration of the condition of unharvested summer crops, especially in the Delta States. From September 20 to October 11, the percentage of Mississippi’s cotton rated very poor to poor climbed from 10 to 36%, while soybeans rated very poor to poor surged from 14 to 37%.

Outlook: Temperatures will quickly rebound in the West, while below-normal temperatures will persist through week’s end across the eastern half of the U.S. By Thursday, Western storminess will be limited to the Pacific Northwest. Farther east, favorably dry weather will arrive in the Delta by Friday, but cool, wet conditions will plague the Mid-Atlantic States into the weekend. The NWS 6- to 10-day outlook for October 20-24 calls for near- to above-normal precipitation nationwide, with wet conditions most likely from the Northwest to the western Corn Belt. Meanwhile, above- normal temperatures from California to the southern High Plains will contrast with cooler-than-normal weather in the Southeast.

Weather Report: Light Rain & Wet Snow In The Corn Belt, Wet In The South